原型机的成本是多少?

原型 costs can range from a $100 to upwards of $30,000 for high fidelity connected devices.

 

视频:我们制作原型的原因

One of the most common questions we get is how much does a prototype cost to make? This is a tricky question, as prototypes can be free or cost upwards of $100,000. It all depends on why you want a prototype.

 

那么,为什么你想要一个原型?

 

If you ask any of the recent people we talk to, many will have a different answer. Some people want prototypes to prove out a new technical feature of a product, 其他’s need a prototype to launch a Kickstarter campaign and many more need a prototype to test the product/market fit.

But if you gather up all the prototype inputs there will be one common theme - RISK.

原型s are built to assess, qualify, and minimize design risk.

Risk takes many forms including user, business, technical and manufacturing risk.  And of course, the larger the risk the higher the cost of a one-off prototype.

One end of the scale is a fully functional production-ready prototype with 定制的嵌入式电子产品 以及运行它的软件. 这个原型机的价格可能超过10美元,000, a lot more than a cardboard model prototype with a sketch of the user interface and 3D virtual rendering. 

Prototyping is a progressive staging of risk evaluations. 

From the 磁带 and cardboard to the finished product, knowing which prototype to employ at each stage requires experience and a network of supporting services.  It allows design teams to move quickly from identifying each risk, evaluating options and determining a high opportunity value reasonable path forward.

那么,你的原型成本是多少?  

To determine prototype cost you need to know where you are on your product development journey. 这可以通过遵循我们的 产品开发过程分为四个阶段 and reviewing the types of prototypes and risk identification at each stage below:

在概念设计阶段绘制原型草图

第一阶段:概念设计

这个原型阶段 都是关于产品的 研究“用户和选择者”原型 that simulate a user experience with enough fidelity to allow third-party comment on the value of the new product.

 我们确定的风险包括:

  • Risk of user confusion or rejection of device
  • Identify physical size constraints of device
  • Interaction methods and the most useful solution.

类型的原型:

  • 用户界面模型
  • 泡沫模型
  • 线框图,虚拟3D效果图
  • Wizard of Oz functionality (beauty models)

样机成本:

  • Low - materials are mostly off the shelf and can include 3D custom prototype parts, 硬纸板, 磁带, 胶水, 固定软件, 电子模块
  • 设计时间,可以少于一周
  • Can start at $1000 for design costs for preliminary sketching and mock-ups

Bench model prototype made on in-house Roland CNC

第二阶段:设计工程

这个阶段是关于 台架模型工程原型 that quantifies options to make design decisions.

 我们确定的风险包括:

  • Thermal, fluid, stress and structural engineering risks
  • 连线和子组件管理
  • 测试设计的特定组件
  • 机制的功能
  • 无线协议的限制

类型的原型:

  • 产品比例模型
  • 概念验证:手工构建模型

成本:

  • Medium: Depends on customized sub-systems needed and user testing validation metrics
  • Starting estimate is $5000 for bench model prototyping testing + material costs

Pre-production prototype parts ready for assembly

阶段3:原型 & 测试

此阶段输出 生产α原型 这是充分发挥作用的

 我们确定的风险包括:

  • Business risk and costing of components in volume
  • Business risk of yield and high-volume outputs
  • Custom electronics and wireless connectivity

类型的原型:

  • 全功能alpha原型

成本:

  • Medium: Depending on complexity of product and volume of output
  • Minimum 4-6 weeks of development time on average
  • The alpha prototype material costs can range from a few hundred to thousands depending on custom parts, 要求电子和逼真度.

高保真全功能原型

阶段4:制造设置

此阶段输出 manufacture ready production parts prototype that is an early stage fully manufactured unit.

我们确定的风险包括:

  • 制造过程的风险, 这些可以包括零件的壁厚, 表面光洁度, 配色等
  • Business risk tied to lead time of parts, components and assembly

类型的原型:

  • 早期小型试运行预生产单元

成本:

  • Medium: Depending on complexity of product and volume of output
  • 至少3个月的开发时间
  • 费用一般为30美元起,000 for basic products and move upwards depending on manufacturing process, 数量和开发时间.

想要一个详细的原型成本估算? 我们可以帮助.

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  • 产品已经部分设计好了吗?
  • 是否有可用的原型模型?
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